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Research Guide

This guide is an aid for those performing basic academic research.

How To Find Library Books

HOW TO FIND THE LIBRARYS BOOKS

 

NMSU Grants Library

505-287-6639

 

 

The NMSU–Grants Library uses the Library of Congress (LC) system [called LC call numbers, a combination of letters and numbers] to organize all of the different library materials.

The Library of Congress Classification System (LC)

How to read call numbers in an academic library

Libraries use classification systems to organize the books on the shelves. A classification system uses letters and/or numbers (call numbers) to arrange the books so that books on the same topic are together. This arrangement results in "serendipitous browsing:" you find one book in the catalog, go to the shelf, and, an perhaps an even better book is sitting right next to it.

From the Online Catalog to the Shelf

Libraries in the United States generally use either the Library of Congress Classification System (LC) or the Dewey Decimal Classification System to organize their books. Most academic libraries use LC, and most public libraries and K-12 school libraries use Dewey.

 

 

 

  Anatomy of a Library of Congress Call Number    

                                            

 

                                                                                                                                               
Book Title: Uncensored War: The Media and Vietnam

Author: Daniel C. Hallin
Call Number: DS559.46 .H35 1986

The first two lines describe the subject of the book.
DS559.45 = Vietnamese Conflict

The third line often represents the author's last name.
H = Hallin     

The last line represents the date of publication.

 


Tips for Finding Books on the Shelf

Read call numbers line by line.

LB
Read the first line in alphabetical order:
A, B, BF, C, D... L, LA, LB, LC, M, ML...

2395
Read the second line as a whole number:
1, 2, 3, 45, 100, 101, 1000, 2000, 2430...

.C65
The third line is a combination of a letter and numbers. Read the letter alphabetically. Read the number as a decimal, eg:
.C65 = .65 .C724 = .724

Some call numbers have more than one combination letter-number line.

1991
The last line is the year the book was published. Read in chronological order:
1985, 1991, 1992...

Here is a shelf of books with the call number order explained.

 

 

 Source: Anatomy of a Library of Congress Call Number  - University of Georgia   

 

Still need help? Ask at the Circulation desk.

 

 

Academic Libraries

Library of Congress Classification Table

 

 

A - General Works

 

AC

Collections, Series, Collected works

AE

Encyclopedias

AG

Dictionaries, Reference

AI

Indexes

AM

Museums

AS

Societies, Academies

AZ

General history of scholarship and learning

 

 

B – Philosophy, Psychology, Religion:

 

BC

Logic

B-BD

Philosophy

BF 1-990

Psychology

BF 1001-2055

Parapsychology & Occult

BL-BX

Religion

 

C – History: Auxiliary Branches

 

CB

History of Civilization

CC

Archaeology

CS

Genealogy

CT

Biography (general

 

D – History: General & Europe:

 

D

History (General)

DA

Great Britain

DC

France

DD

Germany

DP

Spain - Portugal

DS

Asia

DT

Africa

 

E & F – History: New World

 

E 1-50

Americas

E 51-99

Pre-Columbian & Indians

E 101

United States (general)

F 1-975

United States (local)

F 1001-1170

Canada

F 1201-3799

Latin America

 

G – Geography, Environment, Anthropology & Recreation

 

G 1-922

Geography (general)

G 1000

Atlases & Maps

GB

Physical Geography

GE

Environment

GF

Human Ecology

GN

Anthropology

GR

Folklore

GT

Manners & Customs

GV

Dance, Leisure, Physical Education & Recreation

 

H – Business and Social Sciences

 

HA

Statistics

HB-HC

Economics

HD

Management

HE

Transportation & Communications

HF

Business, Commerce, & Marketing

HG

Finance & Corporate Information

HJ

Accounting & Tax

HM

Sociology (general)

HN

Social History

HQ

Marriage & the Family, Women’s Studies

HT

Communities

HV

Social Work & Criminology

 

J – Political Science

 

JC

Political Theory

JF-JQ

Constitutional History

JS

Local Government

JV

Colonization, Emigration & Immigration

JZ

International Relations

 

K – Law

 

KF

Law of the United States

KG

Law of Latin America

 

L – Education

 

LA

History of Education

LB

Theory & Practice

LC

Social Aspects

LD-LG

Universities, Colleges, & Schools

 

M – Music

 

M

Printed Music (scores)

ML

Literature of Music

MT

Instruction & Study

 

N – Fine Arts

 

N

Visual Arts (general)

NA

Architecture

NB

Sculpture

NC

Drawing, Design, & Illustration

ND

Painting

NE

Print Media

NK

Decorative & Applied Arts

NX

Art (general)

 

P – Language & Literature

 

P

Linguistics & Communications

PA

Classical Languages & Literature

PC

Romance Languages

PD-PF

Germanic Languages

PE

English Language

PJ

Oriental Languages & Literatures

PM

American Indian Languages

PN

Literary History & Journalism

PQ

Romance Literatures

PR

English Literature

PS

American Literature

PT

German Literature

PZ

Children’s Literature

 

Q – Science

 

Q

Science (general)

QA

Mathematics

QA 75-76

Computers & Software

QB

Astronomy

QC

Physics

QD

Chemistry

QE

Geology

QH

Biology, Genetics, & Molecular Biology

QK

Botany

QL

Zoology

QM

Human Anatomy

QP

Physiology

QR

Microbiology & Virology

 

R – Medicine

 

R

Medicine (general)

RA

Public Health

RC

Practice of Medicine & Psychiatry

RJ

Pediatrics

RM

Nutrition & Pharmacology

RS

Alternative Medicine

 

S – Agriculture

 

SF

Animal Production

SH

Aquaculture & fisheries

SK

Wildlife Management

 

T – Engineering & Technology

 

T

Technology (general) & Computer

TA

Materials, Design, & Surveying

TC

Hydraulic Engineering

TD

Environmental Engineering

TE

Highway Engineering

TH

Building Construction

TJ

Mechanical Engineering

TK

Electrical & Nuclear Engineering

TL

Aeronautics & Motor Vehicles

TN

Mining Engineering & Metallurgy

TP

Chemical Technology

TR

Photography

TS

Manufacturing

TT

Clothing Manufacture & Handicrafts

TX

Home Economics, Hotels, & Food Service

 

U – Military Sciences

 

 

V – Naval Sciences

 

 

Z – Library Science, Bibliography, Information Resources

 

 

 

 

Special Location for Materials

Historical Collections / Special Collections

Special Collections Room

Grants / Milan Mining Documents

Special Collections Room

Maps / Atlases

Special Collections Room

Oversized Books

Stack #10 – according to assigned call number

Reference

Main Floor

Reserves

Behind Circulation Desk

New Mexico State Documents (J87 .N6)

Main Floor – Reference Area

Audio Books

Stack #10 – according to assigned call number

Graphic Novels

Stack #10 – according to assigned call number